The Central State Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan has seven exhibition halls. Collection reflects the profile, the specificity and the main directions of the museum. Diverse collection is evidence of the long history of Kazakhstan, from the time of the origin of life on Earth, the appearance and disappearance of prehistoric animals and plants, the appearance of the first traces of human life, the addition of tribal alliances and states of development and interaction of nomadic and urban civilizations, civil wars and mass migrations of peoples andwith events of 20th -21st centuries.
First exhibition hall. Palaeontology and Archaeology.
The Paleontological section of this first hall is represented by rich osteological (osteology, the study of bones) material, fragments of fossilized wood, imprints of insects and fish, microscopic spores and pollen from plants. The majority of the exhibition is millions of years old.
The archaeological exhibition is composed of sections: the Stone Age, the Bronze Age, the early Iron Age, the Hun-Sarmat periods and the Middle Ages. The exhibitions are displayed in a thematic and chronological order on the two levels of the room.
The beginning of the exhibition is devoted to questions of the origin and development of man.
In the last 15 years there has been a real "breakthrough" in paleoanthropology. A number of new branches of the evolutionary tree of hominids were opened, which was more extensive than previously thought.
It is now became known that the evolution of hominids was not linear; it was more bush-like pattern. In many cases existed simultaneously three, four kinds of hominids and can be even more including the same area. The current situation, where there is only one species of Homo sapiens is not typical. It has developed relatively recently. 40-50 thousand years ago on the ground at the same time there evidently as many as four types of people: modern man, Neanderthal, relic erectus in East Asia and a pygmy people from the island of Flores. There is reason to believe that reducing the diversity of hominids was due to competitive displacement of archaic species by more advanced, and in the first place by modern man.
The next section of the exhibition includes archaeological artifacts discovered in the territory of Kazakhstan as a result of numerous archaeological expeditions, reflecting the history of our country from the Palaeolithic Age. Copies of the most valuable archaeological finds are displayed, including the 'Golden Man' from the Issyk kurgan, unique ancient gold articles from the Kargaly and Zhalauly treasures, reconstructions of ancient burial structures and farming constructions, models of medieval architecture and colorful dioramas of the Earth history.
Medieval nomads, the Turks inherited their descendants with the beautiful stone sculptures, military attributes: horn bows, arrowheads, spears, armor, belt bronze plaques and bronze pommel whip with a wolf's head.
Urban culture of 10th-12th centuries in the classical system of services - ward with shops of potters, blacksmiths, jewelers, with water supply system and drainage were displayed. Since 6thc. AD, on the territory of South Kazakhstan and Zhetisuthe Silk Road passed. Import items were exhibited: a fragment of copper Iranian dish, Chinese porcelain, a unique piece of porcelain bowl from Japan, silver dish and a pitcher.
To the scientific and archaeological reconstructions (installed in the lobby) - reconstruction of archeologically significant syncretic collective images of the ancient inhabitants of Kazakhstan: "Costumes and accessories of woman of Andronovo Culture. 17th-12th centuries BC"(author K.Akishev)," Golden Man. 4th-3rd centuries BC "(on the new version of A.K.Akishev produced by K.Altynbekov)", "Weaponry and clothes of nobleXiongnu (Hun) warrior. 2nd c. BC –1st century AD"(author A.N.Podushkin) and (Go to the virtual tour) are of special interest.
The history of Kazakhstan from the 15thto the early 20th century (renovated in 2008, on the scientific concept headed by the director of the museum Nursan Alimbay) shown in the second exhibition hall - Hall of historical ethnography. The exposition hall is dedicated to the traditional culture, subsistence system, economic and social lifestyle, and spiritual culture of Kazakhs. The hall is divided into two circles - small and large, where placed exposition complexes, allowing to visualize the ethnographic peculiarity of the traditional culture of the Kazakh people. Nomadic type of economic and cultural activities, developed in Kazakhstan for centuries identified the main components of the subsistence system - the housing, utensils, food, clothing, as well as the structure and function of unique arts and crafts, tools, architecture and applied arts. Exposition complexes shows the formation of the first Kazakh khanate, the formation and development of statehood, the struggle of Kazakh tribes against Jungar invaders. Joining of the Kazakh lands to the Russian Empire. Clearly reflects prevailing for centuries the life of the Kazakh people, his philosophical world view, rich material and spiritual culture the ethnographic material widely represented in the hall.The original photographs and documents, rare editions of books, an extensive cartographicalmaterial, household items and national applied art of the Kazakhs, as well as samples of the Kazakh national clothes and carpet you can see in the hall. As a symbol of the traditional Kazakh culture a yurt - kiіz-ui occupies the dominant place of the hall (Go to the virtual tour).
The exhibition in the third hall consists of two sections: “The history and ethnography of national groups which live in Kazakhstan, and ‘Kazakhstan in the World War II 1941-1945’.
Formation of a multicultural and political structure of Kazakhstan's population belongs to the period of inclusion of Kazakhstan to the Russian Empire. From XIII to XX cc. was a process of resettlement of peasants from the European part of Russia, including Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians. In the XIX century in Kazakhstan Dungan and Uighur resettled from China. In the XX century as a result of the Bolshevik revolution, the process of collectivization, mass deportations and repression of peoples, and during World War II arrival of evacuees, and in the 50s during the campaign for the development of virgin and fallow lands in Kazakhstan has increased both the national structure and the amount of the population.
Exposition complexes are introduce with the history, life and culture of the people of Kazakhstan, represented by 16 ethnic groups: Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians, Jews, Tatars, Uzbeks, Assyrians, Uighurs, Dungans, Poles, Koreans, Kurds, Germans, Greeks, Turks and Chechens. In the exhibition photographs, documents, household items and fine and applied arts are presented. The exhibition "Traditional culture of Koreans", implemented in cooperation with the National Museum of Ethnography of South Korea, showing the history and culture of the Korean people (updated in 2014) are of particular interest. The use of modern computer technology - information kiosk, through which visitors can choose their program of interest: the ancient culture of "Arirang", agriculture, traditional national art, national ceremonies "Fragment of bride matchmaking", climatic conditions, modern Korea a distinctive feature of the exhibition.
The complex "Kazakhstan during the World War II. 1941-1945" includes two exhibition complex "Rear to front" and "The people of Kazakhstan during the World War II. 1941-1945".Memorial objects and complexes reveal specific historical events or fragments of the life and activity of prominent personalities.
The exhibition "Rear to front" is devoted to the economy, the national economy and the activities of scientific and cultural institutions, which worked during the war in the territory of Kazakhstan. The posters, equipment and samples of products produced during the war, photographs, awards, documents, letters and other personal belongings of workers in the rear are displayed. The theme "Science and Culture of Kazakhstan during the World War II" special place are devoted. The exhibition "The people of Kazakhstan during the World War II" dedicated to the Kazakhs who defended the Brest Fortress, Moscow, Stalingrad, Leningrad and the participants of the Berlin operation. In the exposition relics, personal complexes soldiersare placed. The exhibition materials of the Victory Parade, Circle of Glory where inscribedthe names in golden letters of 510 Kazakhstanis - Heroes of the Soviet Union (Go to the virtual tour).
The fourth exhibition hall reflects the history of Kazakhstan from the moment of the declaration of the Republic as an independent state in 1991 until the present day.
The state symbols of the Republic of Kazakhstan - the emblem, anthem, flag, standard of the President of Kazakhstan, samples of the national currency, state awards, as well as exhibits reflecting the process of becoming the new capital of our country – Astana are presented. Economic Development Strategy of the Republic defined by the "Program 2030". Thematic complexes, allowing an overview of the life of the republic's independence (oil and gas, coal industry, ferrous metallurgy, agriculture, communication links, energy systems, science, culture and sport) in the exhibition are reflected.To the First President of Kazakhstan a large section of the exhibition is devoted. Artifacts of historical value - inaugural attributes of state’s head - shapan, airkalpak (headdress) and belt are displayed in show cases. Gifts presented by the heads of foreign states to the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan – N.A.Nazarbayev are of great interest. They symbolize the increasing prestige of Kazakhstan in the international community.
Documents, objects, photographs, samples of printed materials tells about the work of the bicameral (Senate and Mazhilis) of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan - the highest representative body; formation and work of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan as a consultative and advisory body at the Head of State.
A separate section is dedicated to the state awards of the Republic of Kazakhstan - the order of 'KhalykKakharmany', 'Parasat', 'AltynKyran', 'Otan', 'Dank' and others.
The exhibition presents items: communication links "Kazakhtelecom", National Strategic program "Cultural heritage", reflected sporting achievements of Kazakhstan in the XXVII Summer Olympic Games in Sydney (2000) and the 7th Winter Asian Games (2011).
In 2013, was carried out re-exposition of showcases devoted to "Tengizchevroil" LLP and installed an information kiosk. "Tengizchevroil" LLP was formed on April 6, 1993 between the Republic of Kazakhstan and "Chevron" company. Exhibits "Tengizchevroil" LLP: models of Second Generation Plant and Sour Gas Injection, "Tengiz" and "Korolev" fields, types of uniforms, medals of TCO, printed materials, etc. are placed in showcases.
A separate window reveals the theme: minerals of Kazakhstan, astronautics, musical art, culture (Go to the virtual tour).