For the first time in the museum's history of Kazakhstan on the initiative and direct participation of the director of the museum NursanAlimbay created exposition complex an Open Collection has been organized as a new branch of the cultural-educational and scientific-research activity of our museum. Thanks to this, visitors have the opportunity to become familiar with previously unknown treasures of the museum's collections.
A leading place in the exhibition is occupied by the collections of gold articles, reflecting the cultural traditions of tribes from the age of early nomads in Kazakhstan. Among the treasure hoards presented are Zhalauly, Pokrovka and Kargaly. Gold was one of the first metals to be mastered by humans. Its high plasticity, natural nobility and beautiful colour made it one of the fundamental materials for jewellery art. Even when they date from the most distant periods of history, the artistic goldsmith works we see today look just as they did when they were first crafted. The Zhalauly treasure is a unique example of the jewelry craftsmanship of the Saka people at Zhetysu, dating from the V-III centuries BC. It was discovered in Spring 1988 by school pupils from the village of Zhalauly, Kegen region, Almaty province. More than 600 works of gold were lying in a felt sack. Among the many articles from the hoard, the adornments crafted in the Scythian-Siberian 'wild animal' style are of particular interest.
The gold adornments from the second Pokrovka kurgan (excavated: 1911) are examples of the jewelry art of ancient Sauromat people from near the Aral Sea and were excavated in the Aktobe region. More than 20 gold adornments in a rich woman's grave from the 5th century BC were discovered.A significant part of the exhibition is taken up by a collection of jewelry items by the Khiva craftsmen of the 19th century early 20th century. These include articles from horse harnesses, show weaponry and women's jewelry. The pendants and women's adornments will catch your attention with their wealth of decoration. The brightness, colorfulness and intricate detail in the jewellery adornments, and the multicoloured stones (blue turquoise, brownish-red sard, silver pearl), coloured glass and gilding used in one artefact correspond with the character of the silk and semi-silk fabrics.The exhibition of the fifth hall from now on be constantly updated and added to with rarities and particularly impressive examples from the collections of the museum.
Gold from Chirikrabad necropolis (IV - first century AD) and from Kylyshzhar necropolis (III-I century BC) a sample of jewelry art of Saks of Aral Sea region. In the rich burial more than 400 gold products were discovered. Thereare decorative elements of clothes, made in stamping, forging, cutting, twistingtechniques. Plaques of geometric form, plaques in the form of an arch with a figure of a rooster and earringsare of special interest.
Kargaly treasure. II - I century BC discovered in 1939, a female burial. Over 300 gold items, made in incrustation style are evidence of the high jewelry art of ancient Wusun. Diadem - an ornament ritual headdress inlaid with turquoise, coral and carnelian, two rings with turquoise, with sculpted figures of Bactrian camels, earring depicting a man and a boar (rats), inlaid withturquoise, carnelian and jasper. A variety of sewn-on plaques in the form of mountain goats tau-teke, cross-shaped plaque, a flower, tree leaves, and others are unique in its design and craftsmanship.
The exhibition presents a collection of jewels of the Oriental masters of the XVIII century. Two daggers made of Damascus steel with handles of jade; on the blades epigraphic inscriptions in Arabic and Farsi; sheathed in gold and platinum, inlaid with diamonds and rubies; stiletto; items of horse harness of silver and gold, inlaid with turquoise and carnelian owned by Kazakh elite are of great interest.